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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The article topic is related to the theme of an active Call for Papers (see the Announcements page).
  • The entire submission is in one Word document, which is organised as follows: Article title, Author name, Abstract, Keywords, Article text, Author bio. Images (and, if absolutely necessary, tables) are submitted as separate files.
  • The submission (including footnotes, abstract, and author bio) is around 5,000-7,000 words for a thematic article, 1,200 - 1,500 words for a short article or debate, and around 2,000 words for a book review.
  • Authors guarantee that the same article, or an article with substantially the same content, has not been submitted concurrently to a different journal. Authors also certify that submissions are original work.
  • Authors have cited appropriate sources for facts and ideas which appear in their article and have influenced their research.
  • Authors have obtained permission to include any copyrighted material including images or tables in their work.
  • Authors have included any conflicts of interest in their biographies or in a statement in the published paper. Conflict of interest includes any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated - including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organisation(s), or personal relationships.

Author Guidelines

Please register on our website and submit your article electronically. If you have problems in the submission process, please email Borislav Gerasimov ( or call +66 2 8641427.

Style Guide

Authors should follow the below guidance on style and referencing in their submissions to the Anti-Trafficking Review.

Presentation of the paper

Submissions should be in UK English, typed in single-line spacing. Please do not use indentations, tabs, headers/footers, page numbers, boxes or hard lines, i.e. keep formatting simple.

The submission should be in a single Word document, which contains: title of the article, author's name, abstract (of approx. 200 words), article text, author bio (of 75 - 100 words) and author email. Do not remove identifying information - this will be done by the editors at a later stage. The entire submission (including footnotes, abstract and author bio) should be around 5,000 - 7,000 words for full-length articles, 1,200 - 1,500 words for debates and short articles, and 2,000 words for book reviews. 

Notes on publication

All articles go through a rigorous double-blind peer review process. The editorial team cannot guarantee publication of any submissions, even when authors have been encouraged in correspondence to submit an article.

Submission of a paper to the Anti-Trafficking Review will be taken to imply that it presents original, unpublished work not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Authors should include any conflicts of interest in a statement in the published paper.

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to include any copyrighted material including images or tables in their work.


Separate bibliographies and endnotes are not published. Use footnotes, and try to keep these to a minimum. The content and form of the references listed in the footnotes should conform to the below examples. When a footnote number falls where there is punctuation, e.g. quotation marks, full stop, etc., place it after such punctuation, as in the following example:

He was doubtful of success because there were ‘big interests to fight’.39


Many of the UKBA’s decisions proved to be ‘simply unsustainable’,5 and…

Use number formatting for footnotes (1). Please note that page numbers are required for articles. Both place of publication and name of publisher should be given for books and, where relevant, translator and date of first publication should be noted. Use ‘et al.’ for more than three authors.

Avoid over-numbering references, i.e. if one source is being cited for several references within a paragraph, number this only once at the end of the paragraph. Authors' names should be abbreviated to initials and surname in the footnotes.

The following are sample footnote references for different types of work. If you use software for inserting references, you can download the journal's referencing style (still work in progress). In Zotero, you can search for Anti-Trafficking Review in the reference styles. 



Chapter or Section in Edited Volume

J Holland, B Moens and S Scott, ‘Belgium’, in E Pearson (ed.), Human Traffic Human Rights: Redefining victim protection, Anti-Slavery International, London, 2002, pp. 87—104.

Journal Article

J Chacon, ‘Tensions and Trade-offs: Protecting trafficking victims in the era of immigration enforcement’, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 158, 2010, p. 1615.

L Martin and A Hill, ‘Debunking the Myth of “Super Bowl Sex Trafficking”: Media hype or evidenced-based coverage’, Anti-Trafficking Review, issue 13, 2019, pp. 13-29,


A Jaworski and N Coupland, The Discourse Reader, 2nd Edition, Routledge, London, 2006, p. 2.

Conventions and Protocols

UN General Assembly, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 15 November 2000, (Trafficking Protocol), Article 11(1).

Newspaper Article

N Karmini, ‘Asylum Seekers Risk all for Australian Dream’, Bangkok Post, 22 July 2012.

Electronic Source

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma, Burma Human Rights Yearbook 2008, NCGUB, 2008, p. 266, retrieved 10 June 2009,

N Lainez, 'The Debts of Undocumented Vietnamese Migrants in Europe', Open Democracy, 28 November 2019, retrieved 8 April 2020,


Interview, Non School-Going Group, Tenga Village, 16 April 2010.

Repeat Citations

  • Use the author’s surname and page number/s if the page number is different from earlier footnote: Chacon, p. 1615.
  • Use partial title if several works by author are cited: Chacon, ‘Tensions and Trade-offs’, p. 1615.
  • If the next reference is to a different page in the same source, use ibid.: Ibid., p. 45.


Notes on style


Use UK English, such as ‘organisation’ rather than ‘organization’.

Contractions (e.g. can't, you're)

Avoid using contractions except in direct quotes.


Write acronyms in capitals, without full stops, for example, LGBT. On first use, spell out the full name followed by the acronym in brackets. If you only mention the name once, use the full name only.

Book and report titles

Capitalise the first letter of each major word and italicise, e.g. When Rights Are Left. If the title has a colon dividing it, e.g. Human Traffic, Human Rights: Redefining victim protection, capitalise only the first letter of the first word after the colon. Note that because titles are italicised, there is no need to use quotation marks on either side of the title.


Use round brackets, except when adding words for clarity within a quotation. To demonstrate that words were not in the original quotation, use square brackets. 


Do not leave spaces between the dash and the words before and after it.

Em dashes (—)

Use em dashes to introduce independent clauses: we follow with an analysis of how the UPR process highlights the ongoing importance of the global human rights community for bringing a diversity of marginalised voicesincluding those of sex workersto the attention of US policy makers. 

En dashes ( – )

Use en dashes to indicate range: 

  • ice should be 15–40 cm thick
  • March-December are the busiest months
  • Appendixes A–L

Non-English words

Use the original spelling for non-English words and italicise them. Follow with brackets and a translation into English on first reference: she stated that ‘the majority of the compañeras (comrades)' that engage in sex work are single mothers who must support their children.

Exceptions are made for non-English words or phrases which have entered into common English usage, such as coup and chargé d’affaires.

Less developed countries

Avoid use of ‘Third World’ or ‘least developed countries’ unless referring to a specific list of ‘least developed countries’. The UN favours ‘more developed’ and ‘less developed’, while you can use ‘industrialised countries’ to refer to some ‘more developed’ countries. While 'North' and 'South' are useful political terms, they are not widely understood and are best avoided when writing for a wider audience.


When writing about human trafficking, use ‘human trafficking’ or ‘trafficking in persons’ rather than ‘people trafficking’. Avoid using the term ‘sex trafficking’ except when referring to specific definitions, for example, in US legislation; instead, use ‘trafficking for sexual exploitation’ or ‘trafficking into the sex industry’.


Use single quotations for quoted material within the text; double quotation marks should only be used for quotes within quotes. Do not use leader dots at the beginning or end of a quotation unless the sense absolutely demands it.

For ellipsis within a quotation, use three leader dots for a mid-sentence break, four if the break is followed by a new sentence. Do not change the spelling or punctuation in a quotation unless there is an obvious error, e.g. quotations from American books should retain American spelling.


Use single (not double) spacing after a full stop, and after commas, colon, semicolons, etc. Do not put a space in front of a question mark, or in front of any other closing quotation mark.


Use trailing/Oxford comma after the penultimate item in a list of three or more items, before 'and': the pandemic curtailed in-person gatherings at school, workplaces, and conference venues.


Keep capitalisation to a minimum. When possible, use lower case for government, church, state, party. North, south, etc. are only capitalised if used as part of a recognised place name e.g. Western Australia, South Africa; use lower case for general terms e.g. eastern France, south-west of Berlin.

Full stops/Periods

Use full stops after abbreviations (p.m. e.g., i.e., etc.) and contractions where the end of the word is cut (p., ed., ch.). Omit full stops in acronyms (HMSO, USA, BBC, NATO, plc), after contractions which end in the last letter of the word (Dr, Mr, St, edn, Ltd) and after units of measurement (cm, in, km, kg).


In general, spell out numbers under 100, but use numerals for measurements (e.g. 12 km) and ages (e.g. 10 years old). Insert a comma for both thousands and tens of thousands (e.g. 1,000 and 20,000). 

The symbol % for percentages should be used for statistical or technical text, in tables, and in footnotes. It should appear without a space between the number and the symbol (51.2%). Spell out the numeral and ‘per cent’ when beginning a sentence with a percentage. For example, Forty per cent of women with disabilities have been assaulted, raped or abused.


When referring to money, always make the currency clear i.e. US dollars, Hong Kong dollars, Indian Rupees, Nepali Rupees. Convert any amount into US dollars and place in brackets after the original figure. If necessary, specify in a footnote the date of the exchange rate to USD used.


Set out as follows: 8 July 1990 (no comma), on 8 July, or on the 8th; 1990s (not spelt out, no apostrophe); nineteenth century (not 19th century); and nineteenth-century art (insert hyphen when used adjectivally).


Where possible, use bullet point lists for recommendations if included in an article.


Illustrations, tables, figures and photographs


Images are provided by author/s for informational purposes and do not constitute endorsement or approval by the publisher. The author/s of each article appearing in this Journal is/are solely responsible for obtaining permission from the rightful owners of the image/s used in the article. The publishing of any image/s shall not constitute or be deemed to constitute any representation by the Editors.

How to Submit Images

We can accept images either as black and white or in full colour.

Do not submit images embedded in Word or PDF files. Please submit your images individually, labelled as: Author Last Name figure number. file extension. For example: SmithFig1.jpg


JPEG format is preferred for photographs. The resolution should be at least 300 dpi at a size of no less than 4 x 6 inches. For black-and-white line art (charts, diagrams, drawings at a size of at least 4 x 6 inches), the resolution must be at least 1200 dpi.


Please submit captions clearly noted by figure number.


The placement of images should be noted in the text, such as: [Insert figure 1 here].


Authors are responsible for obtaining proper permission for their illustrations and should submit the permissions along with their article.

Authors must contact the owners of the images they would like to use and obtain both print and electronic rights for the use of the images. Please use the template that follows.

Please use this template when corresponding with image copyright owners:

I am writing to request permission to reproduce the following material:

This material is to appear in a peer-reviewed article entitled “XXXX” in the < date > issue of the Anti-Trafficking Review, to be published by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW).

GAATW requests nonexclusive rights to the material as part of the article only in all languages, for print and electronic editions of the issue; and the nonexclusive right to grant permission to reprint the material as part of the article only in all languages and print or electronic editions.

May I have your permission to republish the above material in my article in the Anti-Trafficking Review? If you are not the copyright holder, or if additional permission is needed for rights from another source, please so indicate.

Thank you for your consideration of this request.

Sincerely yours,

Permission granted:________________________________________(name)


Date: ___________________ Title:___________________________________________

Caption acknowledgment should read:_________________________________________



Full-length articles are typically based on empirical research, literature review, or conceptual framing. Common sections include introduction, methodology, findings and conclusion. Articles are expected to make appropriate (though not excessive) references to existing literature on the subject. The recommended length of articles is 5,000 - 7,000 words. 


Debate pieces defend or reject a pre-determined proposition formulated by the Editors at the time of publication of the Call for Papers. Debates do not require methodology or literature overview, and referencing should be kept to a minimum. The recommended length of debates is 1,200 - 1,500 words. 

Book review

Book reviews, and book review essays, are 2000-2500 words long, do not need to contain an abstract, and are not peer reviewed.

Short articles

Short articles are typically based on the experiences of service providers and/or advocates, rather than on empirical research or literature review. They need not have methodology or be grounded in existing literature. Referencing should be kept to a minimum. The recommended length of short articles is 1,200 - 1,500 words. 

Privacy Statement

The Anti-Trafficking Review is published by the Alliance Against Traffic in Women Foundation (commonly known as Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women - GAATW). With this privacy policy we would like to inform our website visitors of the nature, scope, and purpose of the personal data we collect, use and process and of the rights to which visitors are entitled.

Who are we?

The Alliance Against Traffic in Women Foundation is a foundation established under Thai law with permit number 151/2543 and official seat at:

191/41, 6th Floor, Sivalai Condominium, Itsaraphap rd

10600 Bangkok


Phone: +6628641427



What information do we collect on this website:


The Internet pages of the Anti-Trafficking Review use cookies. Cookies are text files that are stored in a computer system via an Internet browser.

Through the use of cookies, GAATW can provide the users of this website with more user-friendly services that would not be possible without the cookie setting.

You may, at any time, prevent the setting of cookies through our website by means of a setting of the Internet browser, and may thus permanently deny the setting of cookies. Furthermore, already set cookies may be deleted at any time via an Internet browser or other software programs. This is possible in all popular Internet browsers. If you deactivate the setting of cookies in the Internet browser used, not all functions of our website may be entirely usable.

Collection of general data and information

The Anti-Trafficking Review website collects a series of general data and information when a person visits the website. This general data and information are stored in the server log files. Collected may be (1) the browser types and versions used, (2) the operating system used by the accessing system, (3) the website from which an accessing system reaches our website (so-called referrers), (4) the sub-websites, (5) the date and time of access to the Internet site, (6) an Internet protocol address (IP address), (7) the Internet service provider of the accessing system, and (8) any other similar data and information that may be used in the event of attacks on our information technology systems.

When using these general data and information, GAATW does not draw any conclusions about the visitors. Rather, this information is needed to (1) deliver the content of our website correctly, (2) optimise the content of our website, (3) ensure the long-term viability of our information technology systems and website technology, and (4) provide law enforcement authorities with the information necessary for criminal prosecution in case of a cyber-attack. Therefore, GAATW analyses anonymously collected data and information statistically, with the aim of increasing the data protection and data security of our organisation, and to ensure an optimal level of protection for the personal data we process. The anonymous data of the server log files are stored separately from all personal data provided by a data subject.

For visitors who choose to register with the journal we will also collect your name and email address and, if you decide to provide this information, also other account registration and profile information, including educational, professional and other background information, such as your field of study, current position, practice area and areas of interests and ORCID ID.

Data protection provisions about the application and use of Google Analytics (with anonymisation function)

On this website, we have integrated the component of Google Analytics (with the anonymiser function). Google Analytics collects, inter alia, data about the website from which a visitor has come (the so-called referrer), which sub-pages were visited, or how often and for what duration a sub-page was viewed. Web analytics are mainly used for the optimisation of a website.

The operator of the Google Analytics component is Google Inc., 1600 Amphitheatre Pkwy, Mountain View, CA 94043-1351, United States.

For the web analytics through Google Analytics our website uses the application "_gat. _anonymizeIp". By means of this application your IP address is abridged by Google and anonymised when accessing our website from a Member State of the European Union or another Contracting State to the Agreement on the European Economic Area.

Google Analytics places a cookie on the information technology system you use. The definition of cookies is explained above. With the setting of the cookie, Google is enabled to analyse the use of our website. With each call-up to one of the individual pages of this Internet site, the Internet browser will automatically submit data through the Google Analytics component. During the course of this technical procedure, the enterprise Google gains knowledge of personal information, such as the IP address of the data subject.

The cookie is used to store personal information, such as the access time, the location from which the access was made, and the frequency of visits of our website. With each visit to our website, such personal data, including your IP address, will be transmitted to Google in the United States of America. These personal data are stored by Google in the United States of America. Google may pass these personal data collected through the technical procedure to third parties.

You can, as stated above, prevent the setting of cookies through our website at any time from your web browser and thus permanently deny the setting of cookies. Such an adjustment to the Internet browser would also prevent Google Analytics from setting a cookie on your system. In addition, cookies already in use by Google Analytics may be deleted at any time via a web browser or other software programs.

How long do we keep your data

We will only retain the data you provide to us through our website for as long as required by applicable laws or as is necessary for the purpose for which it was collected and in accordance with any consents provided. We will delete personal data at the end of this period unless we wish to use it for statistical purposes, in which case we will anonymise it, such that you could never be re-identified with it. You may request a copy of the data we hold about you or request that we delete your data by sending an email to the address specified above.