No 5 (2015): Forced Labour and Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is now associated, and sometimes used interchangeably, with slavery and forced labour. As this issue highlights, this shift in how we use these terms has real consequences in terms of legal and policy responses to exploitation. Authors - both academics and practitioners - review how the global community is addressing forced labour and trafficking. In 2014 governments across the globe committed to combat forced labour through a new international agreement, the ILO Forced Labour Protocol. Assessing recent efforts and discourse, the thematic issue looks at unionsstruggling to champion the protection of migrants' labour rights, and at governments fighting legal battles with corporations over enactment of supply chain disclosure laws. At the same time, authors show how regressive policies, such as the Kafala system of 'tied' visas for lower paid workers, are eroding these rights. This issue features short debate pieces which respond to the question: Should we distinguish between forced labour, trafficking and slavery?
Guest Editors: Nicola Piper and Marie Segrave
Table of Contents
|Editorial: What’s in a Name? Distinguishing forced labour, trafficking and slavery||PDF HTML|
|Nicola Piper, Marie Segrave, Rebecca Napier-Moore|
|Trade Unions, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking||PDF HTML|
|Deploying Disclosure Laws to Eliminate Forced Labour: Supply chain transparency efforts of Brazil and the United States of America||PDF HTML|
|Asylum, Immigration Restrictions and Exploitation: Hyper-precarity as a lens for understanding and tackling forced labour||PDF HTML|
|Hannah Lewis, Louise Waite|
|‘Tied Visas’ and Inadequate Labour Protections: A formula for abuse and exploitation of migrant domestic workers in the United Kingdom||PDF HTML|
|Vulnerability to Forced Labour and Trafficking: The case of Romanian women in the agricultural sector in Sicily||PDF HTML|
|Letizia Palumbo, Alessandra Sciurba|
|Policy and Practice: The Role of Trade Unions in Reducing Migrant Workers’ Vulnerability to Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in the Greater Mekong Subregion||PDF HTML|
|Eliza Marks, Anna Olsen|
|Policy and Practice: Claiming Space for Labour Rights within the United Kingdom Modern Slavery Crusade||PDF HTML|
|Debate: The Challenges and Perils of Reframing Trafficking as ‘Modern-Day Slavery’||PDF HTML|
|Debate: When it Comes to Modern Slavery, do Definitions Matter?||PDF HTML|
|Debate: Forced Labour, Slavery and Human Trafficking: When do definitions matter?||PDF HTML|
|Debate: Towards a Cohesive and Contextualised Response: When is it necessary to distinguish between forced labour, trafficking in persons and slavery?||PDF HTML|
|Debate: Use of the Term ‘Bonded Labour’ is a Must in the Context of India||PDF HTML|
|Kiran Kamal Prasad|
Where’s the Evidence? – Anti-Trafficking Review, Call for Papers, 1 July deadline
Guest Editor: Sallie Yea
Deadline for Submission: 1 July 2016
The Anti-Trafficking Review calls for papers for a themed issue entitled ‘Where’s the Evidence?’
Responses to, and international interest in, human trafficking have proceeded apace over the past 15 years in line with the adoption of the UN Trafficking Protocol. Yet, a great deal of anti-trafficking work is based on assumptions that are not well-proven and infrequently questioned. Why, for example, do some regions or groups emerge as trafficking hot-spots to become ‘intervention intensive’? How do anti-trafficking actors justify and explain the need to continue work in a particular area, or with a particular group? Similarly, anti-trafficking measures often continue in the absence of efforts to monitor and evaluate their effectiveness. How, in these circumstances, can the value of anti-trafficking work be estimated? On what basis is funding continued or denied to organisations undertaking such interventions? There has been some critical reflection on these issues, with a number of critical commentators questioning the production, global circulation and validity of statistics on human trafficking in particular. Statistics often take on a life of their own, despite their often questionable genesis, whilst the place and value of qualitative approaches in the field is also open to some scrutiny. Qualitative research methods are not necessarily any more robust in this relatively young field, and critics have questioned unethical and sometimes directly harmful methods of both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis.
Regressive policies on labour and migration exacerbate forced labour and exploitation, international rights group says
|A significant new protocol on forced labour was agreed last year, which promised to strengthen national laws and actions on protection of workers’ rights. However, many regressive policies related to migration and labour persist, according to the latest issue of the Anti-Trafficking Review, published by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW).|
The Anti-Trafficking Review promotes a human rights based approach to anti-trafficking. It explores trafficking in its broader context including gender analyses and intersections with labour and migrant rights. The Review offers an outlet and space for dialogue between academics, practitioners and advocates seeking to communicate new ideas and findings to those working for and with trafficked persons.
Each issue relates to an emerging or overlooked theme in the field of human trafficking. The Review’s focus is global in nature, exploring micro and macro levels of anti-trafficking responses and the commonalities, differences and disconnects in between. Each issue features a Debate Section in which two or more sides of a contentious issue are presented.
The Review presents rigorously considered, peer reviewed material in clear English. The journal is an open access, academic publication with a readership in over 100 countries. The Review currently publishes one issue annually. Publication will increase to two issues a year in 2015.
Forthcoming Special Issues:
- April 2016: Prosecuting Human Trafficking, guest edited by Anne T Gallagher
- September 2016: Trafficking Representations, guest edited by Rutvica Andrijasevic and Nicola Mai
The Review is covered by the following abstracting and indexing services:
- Ebsco Host
- Directory of Open Access Journals
The Anti-Trafficking Review is published by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW), an alliance of over 100 NGOs worldwide focused on advancing the human rights of migrants and trafficked persons.
'a journal that is seeking to move things forward through new ideas and a genuine commitment to dialogue' - Anne T. Gallagher, Independent scholar and legal advisor
'The Anti-Trafficking Review is clear about the current issues, the complications of the subject and contemporary global dialogues--it is leading versus following and recording. That is a REAL strength of your journal.' - Cathy Zimmerman, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
'The Review is a platform for academics and practitioners, providing a space in which practitioners have the chance to influence the academic thinking around trafficking and vice versa.' - Nicola Piper, University of Sydney
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.