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Managing Migration: Is border control fundamental to anti-trafficking and anti- smuggling interventions?

  • Rebecca Miller
  • Sebastian Baumeister

Abstract

Over the last several decades, globalisation and a growing concern over security issues, including transnational crime and terrorism, has shaped migration policies and the priorities of states. As migration rose to the top of many government agendas, a rapid tightening and regularisation of borders ensued in an attempt to keep undesirable, high-risk migrants out of potential destination countries. Concomitantly, transnational crimes, such as trafficking in persons and the smuggling of migrants, have been increasingly defined as border security problems. This article examines the extent to which border control is fundamental to anti-trafficking and anti-smuggling interventions, situating the debate within the wider nexus of globalisation and the securitisation of migration. Based upon their work with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Regional Centre for Southeast Asia and the Pacific, the authors take the standpoint that given it is the sovereign right of each state to control its border and regulate migration, the human rights of migrants must be considered within this realpolitik. Clearly, though, this claim is highly political and contentious. In the article, we explore some of the tensions and contradictions that have emerged in this debate, and then develop an argument to suggest that it is possible for states to combine managed migration and strict border controls with the protection of human rights in the current context of globalisation.

Author Biographies

Rebecca Miller
Rebecca Miller was a senior consultant on migrant smuggling to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Regional Centre for Southeast Asia and the Pacific at the time of writing this article. Currently, she is the Bali Process Project Coordinator for Immigration New Zealand based in the Regional Support Office (RSO) in Bangkok, a Foreign Expert for the Institute for Population and Social Research (IPSR) at Mahidol University in Bangkok, and a Co-Director with the Research Communications Group (RCG).
Sebastian Baumeister
Sebastian Baumeister is a project coordinator with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Regional Centre for Southeast Asia and the Pacific based in Bangkok. He is responsible for UNODC’s counter-migrant smuggling work.
Published
2013-09-01
How to Cite
MILLER, Rebecca; BAUMEISTER, Sebastian. Managing Migration: Is border control fundamental to anti-trafficking and anti- smuggling interventions?. Anti-Trafficking Review, [S.l.], n. 2, sep. 2013. ISSN 2287-0113. Available at: <http://www.antitraffickingreview.org/index.php/atrjournal/article/view/29>. Date accessed: 22 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.14197/atr.20121321.

Keywords

trafficking in persons, migrant smuggling, migration, border controls, criminal justice, human rights