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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Check the Announcements page to ensure that your submission is relevant to the Call for Papers
  • Submissions should be 4,000-6,000 words (including footnotes and abstract).
  • Authors guarantee that the same article, or an article with substantially the same content, has not been submitted concurrently to a different journal. Authors also certify that submissions are original work.
  • Authors have cited appropriate sources for facts and ideas which appear in their article and have influenced their research.
  • Authors have obtained permission to include any copyrighted material including images or tables in their work.
  • Authors should include any conflicts of interest in their biographies or in a statement in the published paper. Conflict of interest includes any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated - including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organisation(s), or personal relationships.

Author Guidelines

Please register on our website and submit your article eletronically. If you have problems in the submission process, please email Alfie Gordo ( or call +662-8641427.

Style Guide

The below guidance on style and referencing should be followed in submissions to the Anti-Trafficking Review.

Presentation of the paper

Submissions should be in UK English, typed in single-line spacing. Please do not use indentations, tabs, headers/footers, page numbers, boxes or hard lines, i.e. keep formatting simple.

Articles should be between 4,000 and 6,000 words (including footnotes and abstract) in length. Provide an abstract of 200—300 words with the article, plus a list of up to six keywords suitable for indexing the article. Include a mini-bio about yourself (75—100 words) including your email address.

Notes on publication

All articles go through a rigorous double-blind peer review process. The editorial team cannot guarantee publication of any submissions, even when authors have been encouraged in correspondence to submit an article.

Submission of a paper to the Anti-Trafficking Review will be taken to imply that it presents original, unpublished work not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Authors should include any conflicts of interest in a statement in the published paper.

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to include any copyrighted material including images or tables in their work.


Separate bibliographies and endnotes are not published. Use footnotes, and try to keep these to a minimum. The content and form of the references listed in the footnotes should conform to the below examples. When a footnote number falls where there is punctuation, e.g. quotation marks, full stop, etc., place it after such punctuation, as in the following example:

He was doubtful of success because there were ‘big interests to fight’.39


Many of the UKBA’s decisions proved to be ‘simply unsustainable’,5 and…

Use number formatting for footnotes (1, 2). Please note that page numbers are required for articles. Both place of publication and name of publisher should be given for books and, where relevant, translator and date of first publication should be noted. Please use ‘et al.’ for more than three authors.

Avoid over-numbering references, ie. if one source is being cited for several references within a paragraph, number this only once at the end of the paragraph. Authors' names should be abbreviated to initials and surname in the footnotes.

The following are sample footnote references for different types of work. Please note the order of the items and the punctuation.





Chapter or Section in Edited Volume

J Holland, B Moens and S Scott, ‘Belgium’ in E Pearson (ed.), Human Traffic Human Rights: Redefining victim protection, Anti-Slavery International, London, 2002, pp. 87—104.

Journal Article

J Chacon, ‘Tensions and Trade-offs: Protecting trafficking victims in the era of immigration enforcement’, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 158, 2010, p. 1615.


A Jaworski and N Coupland, The Discourse Reader, 2nd Edition, Routledge, London, 2006, p. 2.

Conventions and Protocols

UN General Assembly, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 15 November 2000, (Trafficking Protocol), Article 11(1).

Newspaper Article

N Karmini, ‘Asylum Seekers Risk all for Australian Dream’, Bangkok Post, 22—28 July 2012, Spectrum, vol. 5, no. 30, p. 9.

Electronic Source

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma, Burma Human Rights Yearbook 2008, NCGUB, 2008, p. 266, retrieved 10 June 2009,


Interview, Non School-Going Group, Tenga Village, 16 April 2010.

Repeat Citations

  • Use the author’s surname and page number/s if the page number is different from earlier footnote: Chacon, p. 1615.
  • Use partial title if several works by author are cited: Chacon, ‘Tensions and Trade-offs’, p. 1615.


Latin abbreviations in citations

  • If the next reference is to a different page in the same source, use ibid. Ibid., p.45.


Notes on style


Use UK English, such as ‘organisation’ rather than ‘organization’.


Contractions (e.g. can't, you're)

Avoid using contractions except in direct quotes.



Write acronyms in capitals, without full stops for example, LGBT. On first use, spell out the full name followed by the acronym in brackets. If you only mention the name once, use the full name only.


Book and report titles

Capitalise the first letter of each major word and italicise, e.g. When Rights Are Left. If the title has a colon dividing the title, e.g. Human Traffic, Human Rights: Redefining victim protection, capitalise only the first letter of the first word. Note that because titles are italicised, there is no need to use quotation marks on either side of the title.



Use round brackets, except when adding words for clarity within a quotation. To demonstrate that words were not in the original quotation, use square brackets.



Do not leave spaces between the dash and the words before and after it.

Em dashes (—)

We follow with an analysis of how the UPR process highlights the ongoing importance of the global human rights community for bringing a diversity of marginalised voicesincluding those of sex workersto the attention of US policy makers.

En dashes ( - )

  • ice should be 15-40 cm thick
  • March-December are the busiest months
  • Appendixes A-L


Non-English words

Use the original spelling for non-English words and put them in italics. Follow with a comma and a translation into English on first reference. The exception concerns non-English words or phrases which have entered into common English usage, such as coup and chargé d’affaires.


Less developed countries

Avoid use of ‘Third World’ or ‘least developed countries’ unless referring to a specific list of ‘least developed countries’. The UN favours ‘more developed’ and ‘less developed’, while you can use ‘industrialised countries’ to refer to some ‘more developed’ countries. While 'North' and 'South' are useful political terms, they are not widely understood and are best avoided when writing for a wider audience.



When writing or talking about human trafficking, use ‘human trafficking’ or ‘trafficking in persons’ rather than ‘people trafficking’. Avoid using the term ‘sex trafficking’; instead use ‘trafficking for sexual exploitation’ or ‘trafficking into the sex industry’.



Use single quotations for quoted material within the text; double quotation marks should only be used for quotes within quotes. Do not use leader dots at the beginning or end of a quotation unless the sense absolutely demands it.

For ellipsis within a quotation, use three leader dots for a mid-sentence break, four if the break is followed by a new sentence. Do not change the spelling or punctuation in a quotation unless there is an obvious error, e.g. quotations from American books should retain American spelling.



Use single (not double) spacing after a full stop, and after commas, colon, semicolons, etc. Do not put a space in front of a question mark, or in front of any other closing quotation mark.



Please keep capitalisation to a minimum. When possible, use lower case for government, church, state, party. North, south, etc. are only capitalised if used as part of a recognised place name e.g. Western Australia, South Africa; use lower case for general terms e.g. eastern France, south-west of Berlin.


Full stops/Periods

Use full stops after abbreviations (p.m. e.g., i.e., etc.) and contractions where the end of the word is cut (p., ed., ch.). Omit full stops in acronyms (HMSO, USA, BBC, NATO, plc), after contractions which end in the last letter of the word (Dr, Mr, St, edn, Ltd) and after units of measurement (cm, in, km, kg).



In general, spell out numbers under 100, but use numerals for measurements (e.g. 12 km) and ages (e.g. 10 years old). Insert a comma for both thousands and tens of thousands (e.g. 1,000 and 20,000). Always use the minimum number of figures for ranged numbers and dates, e.g. 22—4, 105—6, 1966—7; but use 112—13, 1914—18, etc. for 'teen numbers.

The symbol % for percentages should be used for statistical or technical text, in tables, and in footnotes. It should appear without a space between the number and the symbol (51.2%). Spell out the numeral and ‘per cent’ when beginning a sentence with a percentage. For example, Forty per cent of women with disabilities have been assaulted, raped or abused.




When referring to money, always make the currency clear i.e. US dollars, Hong Kong dollars, Indian Rupees, Nepali Rupees. Convert any amount into US dollars and place in brackets after the original figure.



Set out as follows: 8 July 1990 (no comma), on 8 July, or on the 8th; 1990s (not spelled out, no apostrophe); nineteenth century (not 19th century); and nineteenth-century art (insert hyphen when used adjectivally).



Where possible, use bullet point lists for recommendations if included in an article.

Illustrations, tables, figures and photographs


Images are provided by author/s for informational purposes and do not constitute endorsement or approval by the publisher. The author/s of each article appearing in this Journal is/are solely responsible for obtaining permission to the rightful owners of the image/s used in the article. The publishing of any image/s shall not constitute or be deemed to constitute any representation by the Editors.

How to Submit Images

We can accept images either as black and white or in full color.

Do not submit images embedded in Word or PDF files. Please submit your images individually, labeled as such: Author Last Name figure number. file extension. For example: SmithFig1.jpg


JPEG format is preferred for photographs. The resolution must be at least 300 dpi at a size of no less than 4 inches x 6 inches. For black-and-white line art (charts, diagrams, drawings at a size of at least 4 inches x 6 inches), the resolution must be at least 1200 dpi.


Please submit captions clearly noted by figure number.


The placement of images should be noted in the text, such as: [Insert figure 1 here].


You are responsible for getting proper permission for your illustrations and should submit the permissions along with your article.

You must contact the owners of the images you would like to use and obtain both print and electronic rights for the use of the images. Please use the template that follows.

Please use this template when corresponding with image copyright owners:

I am writing to request permission to reproduce the following material:

This material is to appear in a peer-reviewed article entitled “XXXX” in the < date > issue of the Anti-Trafficking Review, to be published by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW).

GAATW requests nonexclusive rights to the material as part of the article only in all languages, for print and electronic editions of the issue; and the nonexclusive right to grant permission to reprint the material as part of the article only in all languages and print or electronic editions.

May I have your permission to republish the above material in my article in the Anti-Trafficking Review? If you are not the copyright holder, or if additional permission is needed for rights from another source, please so indicate.

Thank you for your consideration of this request.

Sincerely yours,

Permission granted:________________________________________(name)


Date: ___________________ Title:___________________________________________

Caption acknowledgment should read:_________________________________________