Anti-Trafficking Review

No 6 (2016): Special Issue–Prosecuting Human Trafficking

Guest Editor: Anne T Gallagher

Prosecuting human trafficking is widely viewed as one of the main pillars of an effective national response to trafficking. But worldwide, the number of prosecutions for trafficking and related exploitation remains stubbornly low, especially when compared to the generally accepted size of the problem. Very few traffickers are ever brought to justice and the criminal justice system rarely operates to benefit those who have been trafficked.

Issue 6 of the Anti-Trafficking Review analyses human trafficking prosecutions in different regions of the world and from a range of different perspectives. With five themed articles focusing on Russia, the United States, the Balkans and Western Europe, the issue provides important insights into the practical and policy issues surrounding human trafficking prosecutions.

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Table of Contents


Editorial: The Problems and Prospects of Trafficking Prosecutions: Ending impunity and securing justice PDF HTML
Anne T Gallagher
Two Birds with One Stone? Implications of conditional assistance in victim protection and prosecution of traffickers PDF HTML
Anette Brunovskis, May-Len Skilbrei
Transaction Costs: Prosecuting child trafficking for illegal adoption in Russia PDF HTML
Lauren A McCarthy
The Prosecution of State-Level Human Trafficking Cases in the United States PDF HTML
Amy Farrell, Monica J DeLateur, Colleen Owens, Stephanie Fahy
Trafficking of Women for Sexual Exploitation in Europe: Prosecution, trials and their impact PDF HTML
Biljana Meshkovska
The Prominent Role of National Judges in Interpreting the International Definition of Human Trafficking PDF HTML
Luuk B Esser, Corinne E Dettmeijer-Vermeulen
Investments in Human Trafficking Prosecutions are Indispensable PDF HTML
Victor Boutros, John Cotton Richmond
Prioritising Prosecutions is the Wrong Approach PDF HTML
Kate D’Adamo
The Importance of Strategic, Victim-Centred Human Trafficking Prosecutions PDF HTML
Susan French, Cindy C Liou
Resisting the Carceral: The need to align anti-trafficking efforts with movements for criminal justice reform PDF HTML
Abigail Swenstein, Kate Mogulescu
Not All Prosecutions are Created Equal: Less counting prosecutions, more making prosecutions count PDF HTML
Marika McAdam
Villains and Victims, but No Workers: Why a prosecution-focussed approach to human trafficking fails trafficked persons PDF HTML
Inga Thiemann
Innocent Traffickers, Guilty Victims: The case for prosecuting so-called ‘bottom girls’ in the United States PDF HTML
Alexandra F Levy
Human Rights and Economic Opportunity Will End Trafficking PDF HTML
Juhu Thukral
Palermo’s Promise: Victims’ rights and human trafficking PDF HTML
Martina E Vandenberg



Where’s the Evidence? – Anti-Trafficking Review, Call for Papers, 1 July deadline


Guest Editor: Sallie Yea

Deadline for Submission: 1 July 2016

The Anti-Trafficking Review calls for papers for a themed issue entitled ‘Where’s the Evidence?’

Responses to, and international interest in, human trafficking have proceeded apace over the past 15 years in line with the adoption of the UN Trafficking Protocol. Yet, a great deal of anti-trafficking work is based on assumptions that are not well-proven and infrequently questioned. Why, for example, do some regions or groups emerge as trafficking hot-spots to become ‘intervention intensive’? How do anti-trafficking actors justify and explain the need to continue work in a particular area, or with a particular group? Similarly, anti-trafficking measures often continue in the absence of efforts to monitor and evaluate their effectiveness. How, in these circumstances, can the value of anti-trafficking work be estimated? On what basis is funding continued or denied to organisations undertaking such interventions? There has been some critical reflection on these issues, with a number of critical commentators questioning the production, global circulation and validity of statistics on human trafficking in particular. Statistics often take on a life of their own, despite their often questionable genesis, whilst the place and value of qualitative approaches in the field is also open to some scrutiny. Qualitative research methods are not necessarily any more robust in this relatively young field, and critics have questioned unethical and sometimes directly harmful methods of both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis.

Posted: 2016-01-26 More...

Regressive policies on labour and migration exacerbate forced labour and exploitation, international rights group says

A significant new protocol on forced labour was agreed last year, which promised to strengthen national laws and actions on protection of workers’ rights. However, many regressive policies related to migration and labour persist, according to the latest issue of the Anti-Trafficking Review, published by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW).  
Posted: 2015-09-28 More...
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Anti-Trafficking Review

The Anti-Trafficking Review promotes a human rights based approach to anti-trafficking. It explores trafficking in its broader context including gender analyses and intersections with labour and migrant rights. The Review offers an outlet and space for dialogue between academics, practitioners and advocates seeking to communicate new ideas and findings to those working for and with trafficked persons.

Each issue relates to an emerging or overlooked theme in the field of human trafficking.  The Review’s focus is global in nature, exploring micro and macro levels of anti-trafficking responses and the commonalities, differences and disconnects in between. Each issue features a Debate Section in which two or more sides of a contentious issue are presented.

The Review presents rigorously considered, peer reviewed material in clear English. The journal is an open access, academic publication with a readership in over 100 countries. The Review currently publishes one issue annually. Publication will increase to two issues a year in 2015.

Forthcoming Special Issues:

  • April 2016: Prosecuting Human Trafficking, guest edited by Anne T Gallagher
  • September 2016: Trafficking Representations, guest edited by Rutvica Andrijasevic and Nicola Mai

The Review is covered by the following abstracting and indexing services:

  • Ulrich’s
  • Ebsco Host
  • Directory of Open Access Journals
  • eGranary
  • ProQuest

The Anti-Trafficking Review is published by the Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW), an alliance of over 100 NGOs worldwide focused on advancing the human rights of migrants and trafficked persons.


'a journal that is seeking to move things forward through new ideas and a genuine commitment to dialogue' - Anne T. Gallagher, Independent scholar and legal advisor

'The Anti-Trafficking Review is clear about the current issues, the complications of the subject and contemporary global dialogues--it is leading versus following and recording. That is a REAL strength of your journal.' - Cathy Zimmerman, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

'The Review is a platform for academics and practitioners, providing a space in which practitioners have the chance to influence the academic thinking around trafficking and vice versa.' - Nicola Piper, University of Sydney

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ISSN: 2287-0113